Amar Tu
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There are over one million cases of Hepatitis B in India every year, despite the fact that most of the Hepatitis B cases are easily preventable by a vaccine. Hepatitis B is a viral infection that attacks one’s liver. It can be both – acute and chronic, depending on the severity of the disease and can even be fatal if not taken care of in time.It is one of the major global health concerns, says World Health Organization. The vaccination against Hepatitis B is available since 1982 and is effective in up to 95 per cent of the cases in preventing Hepatitis B infection, to prevent the development of disease into a more severe condition and also in the prevention of liver cancer.Hepatitis B infection spreads through exposure to infected bodily fluids, such as during sex, or exchange of saliva during kissing. The exchange can also occur due to use of needles that were also used by the infected person, for example for injecting drugs. Getting a tattoo, getting pierced and sharing items like razors or toothbrushes can also expose one to the risk of contracting the infection of Hepatitis B. The virus of Hepatitis B can survive outside one’s body for about 7 days. When it enters the body, it is detected within 30 to 60 days.There are hardly any symptoms of the disease during its acute phase. The symptoms also resemble those of flu and can be easily overlooked by a person. These include tiredness, mild fever, loss of appetite, nausea, pain in the belly, headaches, yellowing of eyes and skin. A very few people also develop a failure of the liver and this can even lead to death.To prevent this disease, one must remember that there is a vaccination available that can prevent it to a great extent. WHO has recommended that an infant should get vaccinated as soon as possible after birth, and if possible, within 24 hours. Also, if one lives in a country where Hepatitis B is more prevalent, one should receive proper vaccination.

Last update on January 9, 8:42 am by Amar Tu.